Archive for January, 2014

360° panorama by Cat Amphone.
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Saint Etienne Cathedral by CatAmphone pour Tika Web

Close to Datong City in China there is a UNESCO-protected site containing more than 51,000 Buddha statues in 252 caves of various sizes. The place is called The Yungang Grottoes.

Thanks to 360Cities Maestro photographer Jacky Cheng, we can admire this masterpiece of Buddhist cave art in China.

Yungang Grottoes – V Cave(2)

The complex was created over sixty years (460-525). Tan Yao, a monk, began carving the Five Caves in the year 460 after the first emperor of the Northern Wei dynasty assumed the throne.

Yungang Grottoes – VI Cave(2)

 

Construction of the Yungang Grottoes is divided into three periods:

1.- The Early Period (460-465): the five main caves were constructed to house the giant Buddha statues (13-15 meters tall). Like the thatched sheds in ancient India, the grottoes have a U-shaped plan and arched roofs. Each cave also has a window and a door. On the outer walls, thatched sheds with 1000 Buddhist statues were carved, which is rarely seen in the tradition of the Chinese history of grotto carving.

Yungang Grottoes – Cave on the 20th 

 

2.- The Middle Period (471-494): During these years, the Chongfu Temple was built as well as the twelve large caves, and up to the 70% of the big caves were dug.

Datong Yungang Grottoes – Cave 19 int…

 

3.- The Late Period (494-525): more than 200 caves (medium-small size)  and niches were constructed in the west of the grotto area, in the Dragon King Temple Valley. These caves have varied and complicated irregular shapes and their decoration was carved on the cliff around the door of the caves.

Datong Yungang Grottoes – 11 Cave loc…

Some of these temples were destroyed in 1122 during a war. But since the foundation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, caves 5, 6 and 7 are conserved, protected and open to the public.

Datong Yungang Grottoes – V Cave inte…

Yungang Grottoes – VI Cave(1)

 

UNESCO added this art and Buddhist complex to the World Heritage List in December  2001. There are four criteria which qualify the Yungang Grottoes as a World Heritage site:

  1. It is a masterpiece of early Chinese Buddhist cave art.
  2.  Its art represents the successful fusion of Buddhist religious symbolic art from south and central Asia with Chinese cultural traditions.
  3.  The power and endurance of Buddhist belief in China are vividly illustrated by the Yungang grottoes.
  4. The Buddhist tradition of the religious cave art achieved its first major impact at Yungang, where it developed its own distinct character and artistic power.

References:

http://tour.yungang.org/en/

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1039

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yungang_Grottoes

http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1039.pdf

360° panorama by jacky cheng.
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The red mountain park, is situated the Urumqi urban district center, the Urumqi east of the river shore, looks like a big dragon thing to recline. The soaring main item extends to the river, sheer precipice, imposing. The mountain high elevation 910.6 meters, the mountain massif is palatial, beautiful magnificent. Because the west end cliff assumes brown red, therefore records the mountain. It by its influential person's position and the unusual appearance of the mountain, regards as by the ancient " the god mountain ". peak has a 8 meter high nine level of bluish gray color solid brick tower, Keshan's brick tower remote confronts with opposite elegant Ma, general designation " town dragon tower ". According to the literature record, in 1785 and in 1786 two year Urumqi river flood routing, the people who at that time blindly believed in thought continuously this is two wicked dragons which Yao Chi flies turns the red mountain and the evil spirit mountain (in elegant Ma Keshan) the unseemly behavior. And said that these two mountains soon close up, Urumqi must turn the vast expanse of water flooded land. The clear Qianlong 53 years (in 1788), Urumqi series Shang Anpian Keshan respectively constructed a pagoda in red Shan He elegant Ma, by town wicked dragon. The red mountain pagoda flattens after more than 200 years wind and rain, until now still perfectly stands erect in the red mountain cliff crest.
360° panorama by jacky cheng.
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The country swims the center to be called “the water cube” (Water Cube), located at Beijing Olympics park, is Beijing is the main natatorium which in 2008 summer Olympics construct, is also in 2008 one of Beijing Olympic Games symbolic buildings. Its design proposal, has “the water cube” after the global design competition ([H2O]3) the plan. on December 24, 2003 began, was completed in January 28, 2008. It (is named bird nest) with the national stadium to pass in review northmost part Beijing city axle the both sides, forms the relatively complete Beijing historical city image together. The country swims the central plan construction land 62950 square meters, total floor space 5000-80000 square meters, underground portion's floor space many in 15000 square meters, the length and breadth high respectively is 177m * 177m * 30m. To present, has altogether contributed 940,000,000 Renminbi from 101 national and the local more than 350,000 compatriots from Hong Kong and the overseas compatriots. And Zheng Yutong, the Zheng Jiachun fathers and sons and the subordinate enterprise once donated 50,000,000 Yuan.
360° panorama by jacky cheng.
Click the image to open the interactive version.

The country swims the center to be called “the water cube” (Water Cube), located at Beijing Olympics park, is Beijing is the main natatorium which in 2008 summer Olympics construct, is also in 2008 one of Beijing Olympic Games symbolic buildings. Its design proposal, has “the water cube” after the global design competition ([H2O]3) the plan. on December 24, 2003 began, was completed in January 28, 2008. It (is named bird nest) with the national stadium to pass in review northmost part Beijing city axle the both sides, forms the relatively complete Beijing historical city image together. The country swims the central plan construction land 62950 square meters, total floor space 5000-80000 square meters, underground portion's floor space many in 15000 square meters, the length and breadth high respectively is 177m * 177m * 30m. To present, has altogether contributed 940,000,000 Renminbi from 101 national and the local more than 350,000 compatriots from Hong Kong and the overseas compatriots. And Zheng Yutong, the Zheng Jiachun fathers and sons and the subordinate enterprise once donated 50,000,000 Yuan.
360° panorama by Benedek Pozsgay.
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360° panorama by Benedek Pozsgay.
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360° panorama by Yury Rybalskiy.
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360° panorama by Yury Rybalskiy.
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360° panorama by Konstantin.
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